What are Rule 41 and Item 222 in comparison to ISTA procedures?
These are different requirements, serving different purposes. Uniform Freight Classification (UFC) Rule 41 sets requirements for corrugated boxes used in rail shipment. The similar (but not identical) National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC) Item ...
What test should I select for ocean shipments?
ISTA Procedures, and other industry-standard packaging test protocols, don’t contain vibration (PSD) profiles for ocean shipment. Several studies have shown that vertical vibration during sea transport is so small that it’s negligible. This is not ...
Does the time my package was vibrated in the lab equate to distance traveled in shipment?
The answer to the question of whether a specific vibration test time requires to actual distance traveled in shipping is YES and NO, depending on the test and the shipping means. YES, under certain specific conditions. NO for many common ...
What are the benefits of random vibration testing vs. fixed-displacement testing?
The answer, in a nutshell, is "better simulation of the actual transport environment". Fixed displacement vibration has been around for over 60 years, and was the first type of vibration ever used for packaged-product testing. In reality, it was ...
What is the difference between a COMMERCIAL and a LIMITED lab?
ISTA classifies the testing laboratories we certify in two ways: COMMERCIAL: Labs that have little to no restrictions to their customer base. Generally independent, third-party testing facilities. LIMITED: Labs that have policy restriction regarding ...